Uses: Monocalcium Phosphate typical products include self-raising flour, baking powder, cake and pastry mixes, cakes and other pastry products, medicines as an antacid and polishing agent in enamels and as baking agent. In some self raising flours.
Other names: calcium phosphate, monobasic, monohydrate, calcium tetrahydrogen diorthophosphate.
Abnormally high intakes of calcium carry potentially harmful effects, including tissue damage, the rupture of blood cells, kidney damage and heart arrhythmia that can lead to cardiac arrest.
Intakes greater than 18 grams at once can result in hyperkalemia (too much calcium in the bodily fluids) with serious and even fatal results.
Description: Monocalcium Phosphate is available commercially in the anhydrous or monohydrate form.
Both are used as a leavening acid to replace cream of tartar in foods, 'straight baking powder' is a mixture of monocalcium phosphate monohydrate and sodium hydrogen carbonate.
Monocalcium phosphate is used extensively in the fertiliser industry, when it was noted in 1880 that acidulated bones (containing tricalcium phosphate) made good fertiliser.