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Food thickeners frequently are based on either polysaccharides (starches, vegetable gums, and pectin), or proteins. A flavourless powdered starch used for this purpose is a fecula (from the Latin faecula, diminutive of faex meaning "dregs").

This category includes arrowroot, cornstarch, katakuri starch, potato starch, sago, and tapioca. Vegetable gums used as food thickeners include alginin, guar gum, locust bean gum, and xanthan gum. Proteins used as food thickeners include collagen, egg whites, furcellaran, gelatin. Sugars include agar and carrageenan.

Other thickening agents act on the proteins already present in a food. One example is sodium pyrophosphate, which acts on casein in milk during the preparation of instant pudding. It exists authentic food thickener such as functional flours These functional flours are produced from specific cereal variety (wheat, maize, rice or other) conjugated to specific heat treatment able to increase stability, consistency and general functionalities.

These functional flours are resistance to industrial stresses: acidic pH, sterilisation, freeze conditions, and can help food industries to formulate with natural based ingredients. For the final consumer, these ingredients are more accepted because they are declared as "flour" in the ingredient list

thickeners Info


E1200 Polydextrose


E1201 Polyvinylpyrrolidone



E1202 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone


E1400 Dextrins

E1401 Acid Treated Starch

E1402 Alkaline Treated Starch  

E1403 Bleached Starch  


E1404 Oxidised Starch



E1410 Monostarch Phosphate


E1412 Distarch Phosphate

E1413 Phosphated Distarch Phosphate



E1422 Acetylated Distarch Adipate



E1420 Acetylated Di-Starch Phosphate


E1421 Starch Acetate *


E1423 Acetylated Di-Starch Glycerol *


E1440 Hydroxylpropyl Starch



E1441 Hydroxypropyl Distarch Glycerol

E1442 Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate

E1450 Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate

E1451 Acetylated Oxidised Starch


E1525 Hydroxy Ethyl Cellulose



E1414 Acetylated Starch



E1452 Starch Aluminium Octenyl Succinate

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* Denotes no longer in use as an additive

E1205 Basic Methacrylate Copolymer



E1206 Neutral Methacrylate Copolymer


E1207 Anionic Methacrylate Copolymer



E1208 PVP-Vinyl Acetate Copolymer