Uses:Humectant, artificial sweetener, stabiliser, bulking agent, sugar substitute. Used in low-joule foods and carbohydrate modified sweets, ice-cream chocolate, and jams.
Xylitol can be used by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians. The term carbohydrate alcohol is a chemical definition; xylitol does not contain alcohol (ethanol).
During fermentation, gases are produced, which may cause bloating and flatulence. In intolerant persons it can act as a laxative.
Side effects normally occur after an intake of 25-30 grams in a single dose, which is far above the usage in normal foods.
Description: Xylitol is found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; caused kidney stones and a diuretic effect on test rats, "a waste of time and the lives of the rats", for the JEFCA in 1983 ruled the tests invalid in relation to humans, the symptoms caused by 'physiological disturbances' in the rats!, we can only imagine what conditions led to upset rats.
Xylitol is partly absorbed and metabolised as sugar by the body; the remaining fraction is fermented in the large intestine.